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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 4-3

Factors associated with the interest for life style behavior modification among non-diabetic adults


1 Department of Community Medicine, P S G Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, 641004, Tamil Nadu - India
2 Department of Statistics, St. Thomas College, Pala, 686574, Kerala - India
3 Department of Endocrinology, P S G Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, 641004, Tamil Nadu - India

Correspondence Address:
A C Mathew
Department of Community Medicine, P S G Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, 641004, Tamil Nadu - India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Diabetes is a major public health problem in India. Increased physical activity and healthy eating are the cornerstones of diabetes prevention. The perception of a need to change is considered essential in the behavior change process. However, the existing literature on individual's interest to change health behavior is limited. In this paper, we assessed the factors associated with interest for life style behavior modifications among adults by carrying out a cross sectional study in Neelambur, South India. A total of 500 adults were randomly selected. Four hundred and fifty five adults who are non-diabetic were interviewed using a pre-tested specifically designed questionnaire. In general, men were more likely to have interest in life style behavior changes than women (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.778, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.135, 2.785). Those having positive family history of diabetes were more likely to have interest in life style behavior changes than those who did not have positive family history (adjusted OR = 1.714, 95% CI 1.102, 2.665). Among the modifiable factors, those having higher education (adjusted OR = 3.752, 95% CI 1.558, 9.033), those who previously received life style counseling (adjusted OR = 3.028 95% CI 1.837, 4.991), those performing leisure time physical activity (adjusted OR = 3.923, 95% CI 2.220, 6.931) and those having higher knowledge about risk factors of diabetes (adjusted OR = 1.014, 95% CI 1.006, 1.021) were significantly associated with interest in life style behavior changes. In conclusion, the vast majority of the study participants did not perceive an interest to increase their physical activity levels and healthy eating. The interest for life style behavior changes was high among people having higher knowledge on diabetes risk factors. We recommend that, the client perceptions need to be evaluated in health counseling in order to facilitate life style behavior modifications in diabetes prevention.


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