• Users Online: 123
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 4

Rapidly increasing prevalence and associations of diabetes mellitus in a rural community of Pakistan


Department of Medicine, Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) Hospital, G-9/1 Mauve Area, Islamabad - Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
M S Qureshi
Department of Medicine, Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) Hospital, G-9/1 Mauve Area, Islamabad - Pakistan

Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and association of risk factors for diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose in a village with rural life style in Pakistan. Using a systematic random sampling approach, 354 households were selected. A total of 815 persons, representative of all socio-economic strata were tested to identify undiagnosed diabetes and impaired fasting glucose. Both were defined according to American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines. Prevalence of diabetes and baseline characteristics was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Odds ratio and confidence intervals were calculated. One way analysis of variance test and regression analysis were used to study the association of risk factors with diabetes and impaired fasting glucose. Prevalence of diabetes was 9.93% (81 out of 815 subjects) and that of impaired fasting glucose was 9.20% (75 out of 815 subjects). Prevalence of diabetes was seen to be higher in females (11.53%; 55 out of 477 subjects) as compared to males (7.69%; 26 out of 338 subjects). Maximum prevalence of diabetes was seen in the age group of 51-60 years i.e. 21.42% (24 out of 112 subjects). There was a gradual increase in prevalence from the age of 20 till the age of 40 years after which the prevalence increased sharply. High body mass index, increasing age and low socio-economic status were significantly associated with diabetes (p<0.05). The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rapidly increasing even in people with rural life style in Pakistan with a current value of 9.93%. Increasing body mass index and low standard of living in the general population are significantly contributing to the increasing burden of diabetes and should be promptly addressed at national level.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed877    
    Printed124    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded1139    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal