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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 3

The effect of restless leg syndrome on diabetes control among type-2 diabetic patients in the Northwest region of Saudi Arabia


1 Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Tabuk - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tabuk, Tabuk - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
P Amirthalingam
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tabuk, Tabuk - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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The restless leg syndrome is a common sleep disorder that may affect diabetes control, data are scarce in Saudi Arabia, in this study we aimed to study the prevalence of the restless syndrome and its effects on diabetes control. A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted at the diabetes center in King Khalid Hospital, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia during the period February 2015 to June 2015. Three hundred consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes attending the diabetes center were interviewed using a structured questionnaire including demographic data, diabetes complications, and the Criteria of the restless syndrome. The restless leg syndrome was found in 42% of patients with type 2 diabetes. Women with the diagnosis of the restless leg syndrome had higher levels of glycated hemoglobin with a high significant statistical difference P-value < 0.001. No significant statistical differences were evident between patients with and without restless leg syndrome regarding, diabetes micro vascular complications, and all the components of the restless leg syndrome P-value > 0.05. The restless leg syndrome can affect diabetes control among females with type 2 diabetes. Screening and treatment of the restless syndrome among females with diabetes may be part of holistic diabetes care to bring the glycated hemoglobin closer to target and hence improving diabetes control.


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