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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 49-55

Diabetic retinopathy awareness and practices in a low-income suburban population in Karachi, Pakistan


1 Department of Food and Nutrition, Raana Liaquat Ali Khan College of Home Economics, Karachi, Pakistan
2 Prevention and Control of Blindness Program, Civil Hospital, Health Department Government of Sindh, Karachi, Pakistan
3 Director Projects, Community Based Projects, Karachi, Pakistan
4 Country Office for Pakistan, Sightsavers International, Al Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
5 Department of Internal Medicine, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA

Correspondence Address:
Rubina Hakeem
Department of Food and Nutrition, Raana Liaquat Ali Khan College of Home Economics, Karachi
Pakistan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jod.jod_31_17

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Purpose: This study presents observations about knowledge, attitude and practices of people with diabetes living in Chanesar Goth, which is a suburban area of Karachi. Methodology: Data were collected by trained lady health workers during their home visits of the families. The responses in most cases were open ended and later categorised according to themes and purpose for asking specific questions. Results: The sample consisted of 59 (31.6%) males and 128 (68.4%) females. The mean age of males and females was 56 years and 49 years, respectively. The mean duration of diabetes for females and males was 6.8 years and 8.34 years, respectively. Frequency of correct answers to question about treatment of diabetes-related eye disease was relatively low (24% male, 20% female). Proportion of patients having good awareness was significantly higher among those who had diabetes for 10 or more years (60%) as compared to those who had diabetes for shorter duration (42%, P < 0.026). Only half of the patients had a firm belief that diabetes is preventable and about one-third had belief that diabetes is treatable. Patients'' eye testing practices were associated strongly with their attitude towards eye testing and their knowledge about the relation of eye problems to diabetes. Proportion of patients who had got their eyes checked more than twice since the diagnosis of diabetes was highest among patients with both knowledge and belief about eye testing (35.3%), followed by those who only had a firm belief (19.7%) and was lowest than among those who neither had belief nor knowledge (9.1%) (P = 0.008). The level of awareness was higher among females and those who had diabetes for a longer duration. Conclusion: Educational interventions should focus on inculcating positive attitudes and firm belief in the importance of self-care.


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