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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-20

Feasibility and acceptability of professional continuous glucose monitoring system in children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus: An observational study


1 Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Endocrinology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rakesh Kumar
Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jod.jod_13_18

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Context: Professional continuous glucose monitoring (P-CGM) has been approved for use in adults and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). There is dearth of data on its use and feasibility in children <10 years of age. Aims: The aim is to study feasibility and acceptability of P-CGM with iPro™2 in children (<10 years) with T1DM. Settings and Design: Prospective observational study was conducted in out-patient setting of Paediatric Diabetes clinic at tertiary care Paediatrics centre. Subjects and Methods: The study was conducted among 42 children (2–10 years) with T1DM. Children underwent P-CGM (iPro™2 Professional CGM, Medtronic, USA) for 3–5 days after informed consent. P-CGM data was analysed to guide diabetes management. Pre-defined criteria for feasibility and acceptability of P-CGM were assessed. Statistical Analysis Used: Frequencies and proportions (expressed as percentages) of children with specific outcomes related to feasibility and acceptability were calculated. Results: A total of 47 sensors were used for 42 patients. Three patients underwent repeat P-CGM as recording was <48 h on the first attempt. Two sensors were damaged while insertion. Average duration of P-CGM recording was 84.6 h. Premature accidental sensor removal occurred in 2 (4.8%) among 7 (16.7%) children who reported fixing and stability problems. Three calibrated paired glucometer readings per day (for quality of P-CGM data) were seen in 40 (95.2%). Mean absolute difference of <28% was seen in 35 (83.3%) and correlation coefficient of >70% was seen in 31 (73.8%) children. Common adverse events were local redness in 11 (26.2%), local irritation in 16 (38.1%) and parental anxiety in 12 (28.5%) children. Conclusions: There were no significant adverse effects noticed with Professional CGM (using iPro™2) and is feasible and acceptable to children (2–10 years) with T1DM as well as their caregivers.


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