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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-38

Prevalence of oral lesions in patients with type 2 diabetes in north Kerala population


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College, Thrissur, Kerala, India
3 Department of oral medicine and radiology, Government Dental College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
4 Department of General Medicine, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
5 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jinisha Madathil
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College, Kozhikode, Kerala.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jod.jod_7_19

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Objective: To assess the prevalence of oral lesions in Type 2 Diabetic patients. Methods: The study was conducted in Outpatient Department and Diabetic Clinic of Government Medical College, Kozhikode and Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College, Kozhikode over a period of 1 year. A total of 800 individuals 400 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients and 400 healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. An oral clinical examination was carried out for all participants using a mouth mirror, visible light source and cotton gauze. Results: Prevalence of oral lesions was significantly high P<0.05 in Type 2 DM patients than the controls in the study sample. In the present study ,the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions was significantly higher in Type 2 Diabetic Patients (38%) than in control subjects (25%) (P=0.000). No significant (P>0.05) association was found between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Potentially malignant oral mucosal lesions and also no association was found between oral lesions and metabolic control of the disease. Conclusion: This study showed that the prevalence of oral lesions was higher in Type 2 diabetic than non - diabetics and provides evidence that diabetes can have a negative influence on oral health.


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