Journal of Diabetology

ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32--38

Prevalence of oral lesions in patients with type 2 diabetes in north Kerala population


Jinisha Madathil1, Haris Padippurakkakath Salim2, Anita Balan3, Chandni Radhakrishnan4, Nileena Raghavendra Kumar5 
1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College, Thrissur, Kerala, India
3 Department of oral medicine and radiology, Government Dental College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
4 Department of General Medicine, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
5 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jinisha Madathil
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College, Kozhikode, Kerala.
India

Objective: To assess the prevalence of oral lesions in Type 2 Diabetic patients. Methods: The study was conducted in Outpatient Department and Diabetic Clinic of Government Medical College, Kozhikode and Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College, Kozhikode over a period of 1 year. A total of 800 individuals 400 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients and 400 healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. An oral clinical examination was carried out for all participants using a mouth mirror, visible light source and cotton gauze. Results: Prevalence of oral lesions was significantly high P<0.05 in Type 2 DM patients than the controls in the study sample. In the present study ,the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions was significantly higher in Type 2 Diabetic Patients (38%) than in control subjects (25%) (P=0.000). No significant (P>0.05) association was found between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Potentially malignant oral mucosal lesions and also no association was found between oral lesions and metabolic control of the disease. Conclusion: This study showed that the prevalence of oral lesions was higher in Type 2 diabetic than non - diabetics and provides evidence that diabetes can have a negative influence on oral health.


How to cite this article:
Madathil J, Salim HP, Balan A, Radhakrishnan C, Kumar NR. Prevalence of oral lesions in patients with type 2 diabetes in north Kerala population.J Diabetol 2020;11:32-38


How to cite this URL:
Madathil J, Salim HP, Balan A, Radhakrishnan C, Kumar NR. Prevalence of oral lesions in patients with type 2 diabetes in north Kerala population. J Diabetol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 3 ];11:32-38
Available from: http://www.journalofdiabetology.org/article.asp?issn=2078-7685;year=2020;volume=11;issue=1;spage=32;epage=38;aulast=Madathil;type=0