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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7

Efficacy of Stability Trainer in Improving Balance in Type II Diabetic Patients with Distal Sensory Neuropathy

1 Faculty of Allied Health & Medicine, AIMST University, Kedah, Malaysia; Department of Physiotherapy, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India
2 Department of Physiotherapy, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
M S Ajimsha
Lecturer, School of Physiotherapy, FAHP, AIMST University, Kedah-08100, Malaysia

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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The loss of sensations associated with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy is thought to contribute to impaired balance and increased risk of falling. If the measures of balance are improved , incidence of sustaining falls and injuries can be reduced. Stability Trainers are oval shaped colour coded pads, available in three densities for balance training. To find out the efficacy of Stability Trainer in improving functional balance in Type II Diabetic patients, with Distal Sensory Neuropathy, a Randomized controlled single blinded trial was conducted at the Physiotherapy Department of Kottayam Medical College, Kerala, India. Thirty three patients with the diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes with Distal Sensory Neuropathy participated in the trial. The Control Group received relaxation exercises, range of motion exercises, strengthening exercises and balance training. For Experimental Group, in addition to conventional treatment, balance training on Stability Trainer was given and consisted of 16 sessions per patient over 8 weeks. Main outcome measure: The outcome was measured using Berg Balance Scale (BBS). The pre and post values were taken on the 1st and 8th week of treatment. Results: Both groups showed significant improvement in functional balance performance. The Experimental Group showed statistically significant improvement in functional balance when compared to Control Group. The patients in the Experimental Group showed 28.2% improvement in their BBS scores; whereas Control Group showed 17.4% improvement in their BBS scores, post week 8. Balance training on Stability Trainer seems to be beneficial in improving functional balance in diabetic patients with distal sensory neuropathy

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