• Users Online: 452
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 163-168

Predisposing factors of hypoglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus presented with symptomatic hypoglycemia in a tertiary hospital of Bangladesh

1 Department of Endocrinology, Mainamoti Medical College, Comilla, Bangladesh
2 Department of Endocrinology, Mymensingh Medical College and Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A. B.M. Kamrul-Hasan
Department of Endocrinology, Mymensingh Medical College and Hospital, Mymensingh.
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JOD.JOD_27_19

Rights and Permissions

Background: Hypoglycemia is almost inevitable complication of diabetes treatment and the most important barrier in achieving tight glycemic control in diabetes patients. Objective: To describe characteristics of the patients with T2DM presenting with hypoglycemia and identify the predisposing factors of hypoglycemia in them. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary hospital of Bangladesh from January 2017 to March 2018. Venous plasma glucose was measured in all patients with T2DM presented with signs-symptoms of hypoglycemia, patients having biochemically confirmed hypoglycemia (venous plasma glucose <3.9 mmol/L) were finally selected for the study. A semi-structured data collection sheet was used to obtain the demographic and clinical data including hypoglycemic symptoms. Results: One hundred patients with T2DM were included in the study among whom 59% were female, 53% aged ≥60 years, 90% lived in rural and sub-urban areas, 60% had diabetes for ≥10 years, and 88% took insulin. Hypertension was the most common (45%) co-morbid condition followed by ischemic heart disease (28%). Adrenergic symptoms were present in the majority of the subjects and 62% lost consciousness before reaching the hospital. Their mean plasma glucose at presentation was 2.41 mmol/L (±0.48); mean HbA1c was 7.5% (±1.7) and 86% of them had eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73m2. Most of them (92%) received no education on hypoglycemia management and did not perform (95%) self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). More than half had (51%) hypoglycemic episodes in the preceding 6 months and 28% were hospitalized for that. The meal-related factors (missed, inadequate or delayed meals) were the most common precipitating factors followed by drug overdose and excess exercise before hypoglycemia. Conclusion: Diabetes education emphasizing on appropriate lifestyle and dietary habit, and SMBG at recommended frequency are of utmost importance to prevent hypoglycemia.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded100    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal